When Affirmative Action Was White An Untold History Of Racial Inequality In Twentieth Century America

When Affirmative Action Was White An Untold History Of Racial Inequality In Twentieth Century America by Ira Katznelson

When Affirmative Action Was White An Untold History Of Racial Inequality In Twentieth Century America PDF
✏Book Title : When Affirmative Action Was White An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth Century America
✏Author :
✏Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
✏Release Date : 2006-08-17
✏Pages : 272 pages
✏ISBN : 9780393347142
Rating: 5/5 from 3 users

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✏When Affirmative Action Was White An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth Century America Book Summary : A groundbreaking work that exposes the twisted origins of affirmative action. In this "penetrating new analysis" (New York Times Book Review) Ira Katznelson fundamentally recasts our understanding of twentieth-century American history and demonstrates that all the key programs passed during the New Deal and Fair Deal era of the 1930s and 1940s were created in a deeply discriminatory manner. Through mechanisms designed by Southern Democrats that specifically excluded maids and farm workers, the gap between blacks and whites actually widened despite postwar prosperity. In the words of noted historian Eric Foner, "Katznelson's incisive book should change the terms of debate about affirmative action, and about the last seventy years of American history."

When Affirmative Action Was White An Untold History Of Racial Inequality In Twentieth Century America PDF
✏Book Title : When Affirmative Action Was White An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth Century America
✏Author : Ira Katznelson
✏Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
✏Release Date : 2006-08-17
✏Pages : 272
✏ISBN : 9780393347142
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏When Affirmative Action Was White An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth Century America Book Summary : A groundbreaking work that exposes the twisted origins of affirmative action. In this "penetrating new analysis" (New York Times Book Review) Ira Katznelson fundamentally recasts our understanding of twentieth-century American history and demonstrates that all the key programs passed during the New Deal and Fair Deal era of the 1930s and 1940s were created in a deeply discriminatory manner. Through mechanisms designed by Southern Democrats that specifically excluded maids and farm workers, the gap between blacks and whites actually widened despite postwar prosperity. In the words of noted historian Eric Foner, "Katznelson's incisive book should change the terms of debate about affirmative action, and about the last seventy years of American history."

📒Freedom Is Not Enough ✍ Nancy MacLean

Freedom Is Not Enough PDF
✏Book Title : Freedom is Not Enough
✏Author : Nancy MacLean
✏Publisher : Harvard University Press
✏Release Date : 2008-03-04
✏Pages : 454
✏ISBN : 0674027493
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Freedom is Not Enough Book Summary : MacLean shows how African-American and Mexican-American civil rights activists and feminists concluded that freedom alone would not suffice: access to jobs at all levels is a requisite of full citizenship. This book chronicles the cultural and political advances that have irrevocably changed our nation over the past 50 years.

📒The Affirmative Action Puzzle ✍ Melvin I. Urofsky

The Affirmative Action Puzzle PDF
✏Book Title : The Affirmative Action Puzzle
✏Author : Melvin I. Urofsky
✏Publisher : Pantheon
✏Release Date : 2020
✏Pages : 592
✏ISBN : 9781101870877
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Affirmative Action Puzzle Book Summary : A rich, multifaceted history of affirmative action from the Civil Rights Act of 1866 through today's tumultuous times From acclaimed legal historian, author of a biography of Louis Brandeis ("Remarkable" --Anthony Lewis, The New York Review of Books, "Definitive"--Jeffrey Rosen, The New Republic) and Dissent and the Supreme Court ("Riveting"--Dahlia Lithwick, The New York Times Book Review), a history of affirmative action from its beginning with the Civil Rights Act of 1866 to the first use of the term in 1935 with the enactment of the National Labor Relations Act (the Wagner Act) to 1961 and John F. Kennedy's Executive Order 10925, mandating that federal contractors take "affirmative action" to ensure that there be no discrimination by "race, creed, color, or national origin" down to today's American society. Melvin Urofsky explores affirmative action in relation to sex, gender, and education and shows that nearly every public university in the country has at one time or another instituted some form of affirmative action plan--some successful, others not. Urofsky traces the evolution of affirmative action through labor and the struggle for racial equality, writing of World War I and the exodus that began when some six million African Americans moved northward between 1910 and 1960, one of the greatest internal migrations in the country's history. He describes how Harry Truman, after becoming president in 1945, fought for Roosevelt's Fair Employment Practice Act and, surprising everyone, appointed a distinguished panel to serve as the President's Commission on Civil Rights, as well as appointing the first black judge on a federal appeals court in 1948 and, by executive order later that year, ordering full racial integration in the armed forces. In this important, ambitious, far-reaching book, Urofsky writes about the affirmative action cases decided by the Supreme Court: cases that either upheld or struck down particular plans that affected both governmental and private entities. We come to fully understand the societal impact of affirmative action: how and why it has helped, and inflamed, people of all walks of life; how it has evolved; and how, and why, it is still needed.

📒Arc Of Justice ✍ Kevin Boyle

Arc Of Justice PDF
✏Book Title : Arc of Justice
✏Author : Kevin Boyle
✏Publisher : Henry Holt and Company
✏Release Date : 2007-04-01
✏Pages : 432
✏ISBN : 1429900164
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Arc of Justice Book Summary : An electrifying story of the sensational murder trial that divided a city and ignited the civil rights struggle In 1925, Detroit was a smoky swirl of jazz and speakeasies, assembly lines and fistfights. The advent of automobiles had brought workers from around the globe to compete for manufacturing jobs, and tensions often flared with the KKK in ascendance and violence rising. Ossian Sweet, a proud Negro doctor-grandson of a slave-had made the long climb from the ghetto to a home of his own in a previously all-white neighborhood. Yet just after his arrival, a mob gathered outside his house; suddenly, shots rang out: Sweet, or one of his defenders, had accidentally killed one of the whites threatening their lives and homes. And so it began-a chain of events that brought America's greatest attorney, Clarence Darrow, into the fray and transformed Sweet into a controversial symbol of equality. Historian Kevin Boyle weaves the police investigation and courtroom drama of Sweet's murder trial into an unforgettable tapestry of narrative history that documents the volatile America of the 1920s and movingly re-creates the Sweet family's journey from slavery through the Great Migration to the middle class. Ossian Sweet's story, so richly and poignantly captured here, is an epic tale of one man trapped by the battles of his era's changing times. Arc of Justice is the winner of the 2004 National Book Award for Nonfiction.

Fear Itself The New Deal And The Origins Of Our Time PDF
✏Book Title : Fear Itself The New Deal and the Origins of Our Time
✏Author : Ira Katznelson
✏Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
✏Release Date : 2013-03-01
✏Pages : 720
✏ISBN : 9780871406606
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Fear Itself The New Deal and the Origins of Our Time Book Summary : “A powerful argument, swept along by Katznelson’s robust prose and the imposing scholarship that lies behind it.”—Kevin Boyle, New York Times Book Review A work that “deeply reconceptualizes the New Deal and raises countless provocative questions” (David Kennedy), Fear Itself changes the ground rules for our understanding of this pivotal era in American history. Ira Katznelson examines the New Deal through the lens of a pervasive, almost existential fear that gripped a world defined by the collapse of capitalism and the rise of competing dictatorships, as well as a fear created by the ruinous racial divisions in American society. Katznelson argues that American democracy was both saved and distorted by a Faustian collaboration that guarded racial segregation as it built a new national state to manage capitalism and assert global power. Fear Itself charts the creation of the modern American state and “how a belief in the common good gave way to a central government dominated by interest-group politics and obsessed with national security” (Louis Menand, The New Yorker).

📒For Discrimination ✍ Randall Kennedy

For Discrimination PDF
✏Book Title : For Discrimination
✏Author : Randall Kennedy
✏Publisher : Vintage
✏Release Date : 2015
✏Pages : 304
✏ISBN : 9780307949363
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏For Discrimination Book Summary : The Harvard Law School professor and author of the best-selling The Persistence of the Color Line presents an analysis of race in American society that explores its sharply divisive nature while tracing the history of affirmative action and offering insight into related pros and cons. (This book was previously featured in Forecast.) 30,000 first printing.

The Woman Behind The New Deal PDF
✏Book Title : The Woman Behind the New Deal
✏Author : Kirstin Downey
✏Publisher : Anchor
✏Release Date : 2010
✏Pages : 458
✏ISBN : 9781400078561
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Woman Behind the New Deal Book Summary : Presents a portrait of the first female cabinet member and one of the most influential women of the twentieth century, whose efforts to improve the lives of America's working people resulted in such initiatives as unemployment insurance and Social Security.

📒The Ironies Of Affirmative Action ✍ John David Skrentny

The Ironies Of Affirmative Action PDF
✏Book Title : The Ironies of Affirmative Action
✏Author : John David Skrentny
✏Publisher : University of Chicago Press
✏Release Date : 2018-12-01
✏Pages : 326
✏ISBN : 9780226216423
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Ironies of Affirmative Action Book Summary : Affirmative action has been fiercely debated for more than a quarter of a century, producing much partisan literature, but little serious scholarship and almost nothing on its cultural and political origins. The Ironies of Affirmative Action is the first book-length, comprehensive, historical account of the development of affirmative action. Analyzing both the resistance from the Right and the support from the Left, Skrentny brings to light the unique moral culture that has shaped the affirmative action debate, allowing for starkly different policies for different citizens. He also shows, through an analysis of historical documents and court rulings, the complex and intriguing political circumstances which gave rise to these controversial policies. By exploring the mystery of how it took less than five years for a color-blind policy to give way to one that explicitly took race into account, Skrentny uncovers and explains surprising ironies: that affirmative action was largely created by white males and initially championed during the Nixon administration; that many civil rights leaders at first avoided advocacy of racial preferences; and that though originally a political taboo, almost no one resisted affirmative action. With its focus on the historical and cultural context of policy elites, The Ironies of Affirmative Action challenges dominant views of policymaking and politics.

📒Campus Diversity ✍ John M. Carey

Campus Diversity PDF
✏Book Title : Campus Diversity
✏Author : John M. Carey
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2019-12-19
✏Pages : 274
✏ISBN : 9781108477956
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Campus Diversity Book Summary : Media, politicians, and the courts portray college campuses as divided over diversity and affirmative action. But what do students and faculty really think? This book uses a novel technique to elicit honest opinions from students and faculty and measure preferences for diversity in undergraduate admissions and faculty recruitment at seven major universities, breaking out attitudes by participants' race, ethnicity, gender, socio-economic status, and political partisanship. Scholarly excellence is a top priority everywhere, but the authors show that when students consider individual candidates, they favor members of all traditionally underrepresented groups - by race, ethnicity, gender, and socio-economic background. Moreover, there is little evidence of polarization in the attitudes of different student groups. The book reveals that campus communities are less deeply divided than they are often portrayed to be; although affirmative action remains controversial in the abstract, there is broad support for prioritizing diversity in practice.

📒The End Of Racism ✍ Dinesh D'Souza

The End Of Racism PDF
✏Book Title : The End of Racism
✏Author : Dinesh D'Souza
✏Publisher : Simon and Schuster
✏Release Date : 1996-09-30
✏Pages : 756
✏ISBN : 9780684825243
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The End of Racism Book Summary : Presents the author's definition of racism, arguing that it is a cultural phenomenon specific to Western regions and tracing its history while evaluating its potential to end