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📒The Black Image In The New Deal ✍ Nicholas Natanson

The Black Image In The New Deal PDF
✏Book Title : The Black Image in the New Deal
✏Author : Nicholas Natanson
✏Publisher : Univ. of Tennessee Press
✏Release Date : 1992
✏Pages : 305
✏ISBN : 0870497243
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Black Image in the New Deal Book Summary : Between 1935 and 1942, photographers for the New Deal's Resettlement Administration-Farm Security Administration (FSA) captured in powerfully moving images the travail of the Great Depression and the ways of a people confronting radical social change. Those who speak of the special achievement of FSA photography usually have in mind such white icons as Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother or Walker Evans's Alabama sharecroppers. But some six thousand printed images, a tenth of FSA's total, included black figures or their dwellings. At last, Nicholas Natanson reveals both the innovative treatment of African Americans in FSA photographs and the agency's highly problematic use of these images once they had been created. While mono-dimensional treatments of blacks were common in public and private photography of the period, such FSA photographers as Ben Shahn, Arthur Rothstein, and Jack Delano were well informed concerning racial problems and approached blacks in a manner that avoided stereotypes, right-wing as well as left-wing. In addition, rather than focusing exclusively on FSA-approved agency projects involving blacks - politically the safest course - they boldly addressed wider social and cultural themes. This study employs a variety of methodological tools to explore the political and administrative forces that worked against documentary coverage of particularly sensitive racial issues. Moreover, Natanson shows that those who drew on the FSA photo files for newspapers, magazines, books, and exhibitions often entirely omitted images of black people and their environment or used devices such as cropping and captioning to diminish the true range of the FSA photographers' vision.

📒New Deal Photography ✍ Peter Walther

New Deal Photography PDF
✏Book Title : New Deal Photography
✏Author : Peter Walther
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages : 605
✏ISBN : 3836537117
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏New Deal Photography Book Summary : Amid the ravages of the Great Depression, the United States Farm Security Administration (FSA) was first founded in 1935 to address the countryrsquo;s rural poverty. Its efforts focused on improving the lives of sharecroppers, tenants, and very poor landowning farmers, with resettlement and collectivization programs, as well as modernized farming methods. In a parallel documentation program, the FSA hired a number of photographers and writers to record the lives of the rural poor and ldquo;introduce America to Americans.rdquo; This book records the full reach of the FSA program from 1935 to 1943, honoring its vigor and commitment across subjects, states, and stylistic preferences. The photographs are arranged into four broad regional sections but are allowed to speak for themselves.

New Deal Photographs Of West Virginia 1934 1943 PDF
✏Book Title : New Deal Photographs of West Virginia 1934 1943
✏Author : Betty Rivard
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2012
✏Pages : 231
✏ISBN : 1933202882
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏New Deal Photographs of West Virginia 1934 1943 Book Summary : Upon entering the White House in 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt faced an ailing economy in the throes of the Great Depression and rushed to transform the country through recovery programs and legislative reform. By 1934, he began to send professional photographers to the state of West Virginia to document living conditions and the effects of his New Deal programs. The photographs from the Farm Security Administration Project not only introduced “America to Americans,” exposing a continued need for government intervention, but also captured powerful images of life in rural and small town America.New Deal Photographs of West Virginia, 1934-1943 presents images of the state's northern and southern coalfields, the subsistence homestead projects of Arthurdale, Eleanor, and Tygart Valley, and various communities from Charleston to Clarksburg and Parkersburg to Elkins. With over one hundred and fifty images by ten FSA photographers, including Walker Evans, Marion Post Wolcott, Arthur Rothstein, and Ben Shahn, this collection is a remarkable proclamation of hardship, hope, endurance, and, above all, community. These photographs provide a glimpse into the everyday lives of West Virginians during the Great Depression and beyond.

📒Picturing Migrants ✍ James R. Swensen

Picturing Migrants PDF
✏Book Title : Picturing Migrants
✏Author : James R. Swensen
✏Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
✏Release Date : 2015-10
✏Pages : 272
✏ISBN : 9780806153162
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Picturing Migrants Book Summary : As time passes, personal memories of the Great Depression die with those who lived through the desperate 1930s. In the absence of firsthand knowledge, John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath and the photographs produced for the New Deal’s Farm Security Administration (FSA) now provide most of the images that come to mind when we think of the 1930s. That novel and those photographs, as this book shows, share a history. Fully exploring this complex connection for the first time, Picturing Migrants offers new insight into Steinbeck’s novel and the FSA’s photography—and into the circumstances that have made them enduring icons of the Depression. Looking at the work of Dorothea Lange, Horace Bristol, Arthur Rothstein, and Russell Lee, it is easy to imagine that these images came straight out of the pages of The Grapes of Wrath. This should be no surprise, James R. Swensen tells us, because Steinbeck explicitly turned to photographs of the period to create his visceral narrative of hope and loss among Okie migrants in search of a better life in California. When the novel became an instant best seller upon its release in April 1939, some dismissed its imagery as pure fantasy. Lee knew better and traveled to Oklahoma for proof. The documentary pictures he produced are nothing short of a photographic illustration of the hard lives and desperate reality that Steinbeck so vividly portrayed. In Picturing Migrants, Swensen sets these lesser-known images alongside the more familiar work of Lange and others, giving us a clearer understanding of the FSA’s work to publicize the plight of the migrant in the wake of the novel and John Ford’s award-winning film adaptation. A new perspective on an era whose hardships and lessons resonate to this day, Picturing Migrants lets us see as never before how a novel and a series of documentary photographs have kept the Great Depression unforgettably real for generation after generation.

📒To The City ✍ Julia L. Foulkes

To The City PDF
✏Book Title : To The City
✏Author : Julia L. Foulkes
✏Publisher : Temple University Press
✏Release Date : 2011
✏Pages : 128
✏ISBN : 9781592139996
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏To The City Book Summary : In the 1930s and 1940s, as the United States moved from a rural to an urban nation, the pull of the city was irrepressible. It was so strong that even a photographic mission designed to record the essence of rural America could not help but capture the energy of urbanization too. To the City showcases over 100 photographs from the Farm Security Administration (FSA) project along with extracts from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) guidebooks and oral histories, to convey the detail and dimensions of that transformation. This artfully grouped collection of photographs includes magnificent images by notable photographers Dorothea Lange, Walker Evans and Gordon Parks, among many others. Foulkes organizes this history of Americana into five themes: Intersection; Traffic; High Life and Low Life; The City in the Country; and Citizens to illuminate the changes in habits, landscapes, and aspirations that the march to cities encompassed. As the rural past holds symbolic sway and the suburb presents demographic force, the urban portion of our history—why and how cities have been a destination for hope—recedes from view. To the City is a thoughtful, engaging reminder.

📒Hope In Hard Times ✍ Mary Murphy

Hope In Hard Times PDF
✏Book Title : Hope in Hard Times
✏Author : Mary Murphy
✏Publisher : Montana Historical Society
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages : 242
✏ISBN : 0917298810
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Hope in Hard Times Book Summary : Arthur Rothstein, Russell Lee, John Vachon, and Marion Post Wolcott became some of the United States' best-known photographers through their pictures of Depression-era America. Their assignment, as one of their associates described it, was to have "a long look at the whole vast, complicated rural U.S. landscape with all that was built on it and all those who built and wrecked and worked in it and bore kids and dragged them up and played games and paraded and picnicked and suffered and died and were buried in it." In Montana the four photographers traveled to forty of the state's fifty-six counties, creating a rich record of the many facets of the Depression and recovery: rural and urban, agricultural and industrial, work and play, hard times and the promise of a brighter future. The photographers captured the dignity of Montanans as they struggled to scratch out livings from dried-up fields, nurture families in the shadows of Butte head frames, and foster communities on the vast expanses of the northern plains. Hope in Hard Times, features over 140 Farm Security Administration photographs to illustrate the story of the Great Depression in Montana and the experiences of the photographers who documented it. Today these striking images, from cities like Butte to small towns like Terry, present an unforgettable portrait of a little-studied period in the history of Montana. Selected from the Farm Security Administration Collection at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., the photographs in Hope in Hard Times offer viewers an unparalleled look at life in Montana in the years preceding the United States' entry into World War II.

📒John Vachon S America ✍ John Vachon

John Vachon S America PDF
✏Book Title : John Vachon s America
✏Author : John Vachon
✏Publisher : Univ of California Press
✏Release Date : 2003-12-12
✏Pages : 344
✏ISBN : 9780520223783
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏John Vachon s America Book Summary : Vachon's portraits of white and black Americans are among the most affecting that FSA photographers produced; and his portrayals of the American landscape, from rural scenes to small towns and urban centers, present a remarkable visual account of these pivotal years, in a style that is transitional from Walker Evans to Robert Frank."

The Woman Behind The New Deal PDF
✏Book Title : The Woman Behind the New Deal
✏Author : Kirstin Downey
✏Publisher : Anchor
✏Release Date : 2010
✏Pages : 458
✏ISBN : 9781400078561
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Woman Behind the New Deal Book Summary : Presents a portrait of the first female cabinet member and one of the most influential women of the twentieth century, whose efforts to improve the lives of America's working people resulted in such initiatives as unemployment insurance and Social Security.

A Portrait Of Missouri 1935 1943 PDF
✏Book Title : A Portrait of Missouri 1935 1943
✏Author : Paul E. Parker
✏Publisher : University of Missouri Press
✏Release Date : 2002
✏Pages : 154
✏ISBN : 082621438X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A Portrait of Missouri 1935 1943 Book Summary : Among FDR's most important New Deal programs were those created to address rural poverty and a depressed farm economy. In 1935, several such programs were consolidated into the Resettlement Administration, which in 1937 became the Farm Security Administration (FSA). For the next six years, the FSA stayed at the center of a turbulent battle over the shift from regional to national authority. One tool the FSA used to defend itself against political attacks was its Photographic Section, under the direction of Roy Stryker. Stryker, who was once referred to as "the press agent of the underprivileged," directed a team of photographers who documented American life in the thirties, capturing images of the old ways while seeking to justify a new agricultural order. The photos they took were used to build up popular support for the FSA and the New Deal. Seven of these photographers traveled in Missouri and produced a collection of over 1,250 pictures. Drawing on those photographs, A Portrait of Missouri, 1935-1943 chronicles the photographers' work, the programs they sought to promote, and slices of life they captured in Missouri during this time. Small town life, desperate farm conditions, urban renewal, and the 1939 sharecroppers' strike are all brought to life in these intriguing photos. However, A Portrait of Missouri, 1935-1943 is more than a picture book. Through its introductory essay and the text that accompanies the photos, the book traces the changing nature of agriculture in the early part of the twentieth century and recounts the effects of the depression on Missouri. The photographs from the FSA file help the reader to examine how social and economic changes were tied to demands for political changes, and to consider the intended and actual effects on Missourians of the national government's policies. Political realities, including limited resources that allowed the FSA to serve only a fraction of the population that sought aid, and organized opposition, based in part on class and race, limited the achievements of the FSA. Sixty years after its demise, the FSA is still seen as a savior by some and a bedeviler by others. A Portrait of Missouri, 1935-1943 helps the reader better understand the debate over the FSA, while providing a unique glimpse of midwestern American life in the 1930s.

📒Ben Shahn S New Deal Murals ✍ Diana L. Linden

Ben Shahn S New Deal Murals PDF
✏Book Title : Ben Shahn s New Deal Murals
✏Author : Diana L. Linden
✏Publisher : Wayne State University Press
✏Release Date : 2015-10-15
✏Pages : 272
✏ISBN : 9780814339848
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ben Shahn s New Deal Murals Book Summary : Lithuanian-born artist Ben Shahn learned fresco painting as an assistant to Diego Rivera in the 1930s and created his own visually powerful, technically sophisticated, and stylistically innovative artworks as part of the New Deal Arts Project’s national mural program. In Ben Shahn’s New Deal Murals: Jewish Identity in the American Scene author Diana L. Linden demonstrates that Shahn mined his Jewish heritage and left-leaning politics for his style and subject matter, offering insight into his murals’ creation and their sometimes complicated reception by officials, the public, and the press. In four chapters, Linden presents case studies of select Shahn murals that were created from 1933 to 1943 and are located in public buildings in New York, New Jersey, and Missouri. She studies Shahn’s famous untitled fresco for the Jersey Homesteads—a utopian socialist cooperative community populated with former Jewish garment workers and funded under the New Deal—Shahn’s mural for the Bronx Central Post Office, a fresco Shahn proposed to the post office in St. Louis, and a related one-panel easel painting titled The First Amendment located in a Queens, New York, post office. By investigating the role of Jewish identity in Shahn’s works, Linden considers the artist’s responses to important issues of the era, such as President Roosevelt’s opposition to open immigration to the United States, New York’s bustling garment industry and its labor unions, ideological concerns about freedom and liberty that had signifcant meaning to Jews, and the encroachment of censorship into American art. Linden shows that throughout his public murals, Shahn literally painted Jews into the American scene with his subjects, themes, and compositions. Readers interested in Jewish American history, art history, and Depression-era American culture will enjoy this insightful volume.